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Giuseppe Di Giugno
Giuseppe Di Giugno - Biography
Bengasi, 1937
Giuseppe Di Giugno graduated in physics at Rome University in 1961.
From 1961 to 1975 he was engaged in research work in the field of matter-antimatter interactions at the National Laboratory of Nuclear Physics at Frascati and at the CERN (European Centre for Nuclear Research) at Geneva. In particular, he was actively involved in the design and realization of ADA, the first electron-positron storage ring.
From 1963 to 1975 he was associate professor first of "Physics Laboratory II" and then of "Structure of Matter" at the Physics Institute of Naples University.
Between 1970 and 1973 he progressively abandoned research on particle physics and turned his attention principally to Electroacoustics and Digital Sound, setting up a research centre at the above-mentioned Physics Institute (which is still active) where he developed numerous analogue and digital systems controlled by a PDP11 computer for the generation and processing of sound in real time. In 1974 he met Luciano Berio who invited him to IRCAM in Paris for the realization of an Electroacoustic Centre; this marked the beginning of a collaboration with Berio that continued until the year 2000. At IRCAM, and guided by the musical ideas of Pierre Boulez, he developed several prototypes of digital machines which in 1979 were consolidated in the "4X" system, the first real entirely digital musical work station that opened new horizons for the composition and performance of music. This system was used by Boulez, Nono, Stockhausen…..and has been to a certain extent a reference point for all the various digital instruments subsequently realized.
In 1988 Di Giugno returned to Italy to assume the direction of the IRIS research laboratory of the Bontempi-Farfisa group where, up to 1999, he continued his research activities in the field of large musical work stations, coordinating a Design Centre for the realization of specialized microprocessors handling digital sound signals.
The "MARS" work station and the "SMART" spatializer were realized during that period. Both systems were widely used, but have now become obsolete with the advent on the market of high-speed Personal Computers with which it is possible to emulate in real time all the old hardware systems.
In 1996 he became Honorary President of CEMAT and continues his research work, collaborating with musicians so as to take full advantage of the maximum the possibilities offered by the new musical programmes, like M.I.R.A. and the "virtual" orchestra for the realization of the hi-tech opera "Mort de Cléopâtre" by Berlioz; the latter was performed in Alexandria (Egypt) for the opening of the new Library and in Paris and other Italian venues. In April 2004 he was awarded the EUNO Prize by Kiwanis Club of Enna.
He has recently started focusing his attention on the promotion of astronomy by realizing two astronomical observatory in Rome area, organising seminars multimedia projects and live overnight astronomical observations projected on large screen of the most interesting objects of the sky.
Updated to 2004